Differences between separation and divorce when selling the house?
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Is being separated and being divorced different?
Being separated means you still have connections to the marital assets. After divorce, there are no rights or connections.
Just as there are differences between separation and divorce, there are differences between how you can sell the house depending on which of these circumstances you are in. This post will detail and shed light on these differences.
Difference 1: Rights to the Home
A divorced couple may have split up their assets, including the house, to allow that person to freely sell it. A separated couple, on the other hand, is still married to each other, and therefore both still have rights to that house. This means that one ex cannot sell the house without the consent of the other. This is especially the case if the house is jointly owned, but even in cases of lone ownership, the other ex may still have, ‘Home Rights’.
Briefly, Home Rights state that the matrimonial house is a joint asset between the two separating or divorcing parties and sale of the house cannot occur unless both parties agree to it. Therefore, if you wanted to remain in the house, you could register your rights with the Land Registry. For a more detailed explanation of Home Rights, see our previous blog post, ‘My ex was paying the mortgage and wants to sell. What are my options?’ It’s important to note that once a divorce is finalised, Home Rights cannot be enforced and your ex can freely sell the house if he/she so wishes.
Unfortunately, if you do not register your home rights, you don’t have a legal right to remain in your house, even during separation. This means your ex could potentially rent out or sell the house without your agreement. If, however, you’ve helped pay towards house maintenance and/or the mortgage, you may be able to claim ‘beneficial interest’ in your house. In other words, if you both agreed to sell it, you would get a share of its value after being sold. In circumstances when you haven’t contributed to those things, you still may be able to get an occupation order. This states who can live in your house (i.e. you), ensuring your ex can’t sell the house during separation.
After divorce though, the occupation order will run out. You can find out more about occupation orders here.
Alternatively, you may consider getting a separation agreement. As well as setting out who pays off debts and what happens to financial assets, it can also claim who has the rights to the house in case of separation. Therefore, one could sell the house if this agreement stated that they would acquire it (and so long as the court enforced this part of the agreement). For other benefits of separation agreements see here.
Difference 2: Taxes
Though selling a house when divorced can result in a Capital Gains Tax exemption and reimbursement in certain cases over this amount- if you decide to sell the house when separating you are not given this tax exemption. Usually, this is because the tax relief disappears at the end of the tax year of separation (April 5th) and so if several months later you did decide to get divorced, you may have missed the mark to sell the house tax-free. If you separate as close to the beginning of the tax year (April 6th) as is possible and immediately decide to sell the house, relief may be given, though this is dependent on the situation. Consult with a lawyer on the best way to deal with selling the house and separation if you are considering it.
Difference 3: Debt and Assets
When separated, you are still legally married and because of this, most of your assets and debt accumulated is jointly held. If in the unfortunate circumstance one of you was sued, got into serious debt, or used the house as collateral for something like a business loan that failed, you both may lose the house and with that the rights to sell it. However, if one of these circumstances occurred during divorce or thereafter, the one without sin (as it were) could potentially buy the house back from the bank or court. They could then do with it what they will (i.e. sell). When it comes to the stages leading up to- and the actual selling of- the house, separation and divorce can result in different outcomes. If both of you want to sell, then fortunately in both circumstances an agreement can usually be reached. When disagreements occur, issues can be difficult to overturn without court intervention. Therefore, as with anything regarding divorce and separation, consider all of your options, discuss them with your ex and ensure that you both are happy with the final decision.Back to all articles
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